In the recent past, Artificial Intelligence or AI has emerged as the most significant technology behind the success of any industry segment, ranging from smart cities to healthcare. AI involves a multi-approach along with an interdisciplinary discipline along with developments in the machine learning and deep learning. Industries and businesses that wish to gain value out of data through automating and improving operations, AI plays a crucial role.
Role of AI in Healthcare
AI in healthcare allows the medical staff by carrying out various activities that are performed by humans, though in less time with the smallest of investment. With the healthcare industry and its data on the rise is an excellent indicator of AI being implemented. AI offers several benefits over the traditional modeling and decision-making methods used. AI allows the healthcare professionals with unparalleled insights in diagnostics, clinical procedures along with an array of diagnostics-based benefits and results for the patients. Various leading technology companies have developed biomedical devices also. Devices like- Fitbit and smartwatches use AI that evaluates the patient’s data for various health-related concerns to give out possible advisories and warnings to customers and healthcare staff. An online study states that AI-backed solutions for the healthcare industry are going to reach $6.6 billion by the year 2021.
AI for Combatting COVID-19 Pandemic
With the global spread of COVID-19 pandemic constantly on the rise, various healthcare stakeholders like researchers and entrepreneurs are looking for newer methods to fight against this pandemic. Addressing the call of Atmanirbhar Bharat Mission by the Hon. PM Shri. Narendra Modi, various technology companies and start-ups in India, have started encashing the underlying benefits of AI to combat this pandemic together. AI is now being used for modeling, preventing and diagnosing the COVID-19 pandemic.
For modeling- Key decision-makers in the healthcare and technology industry have started using this technology to have a clear understanding of how this pandemic will grow. A Pune-based Health Group has started using the Digital Twins technology for predicting the spread of COVID-19 in the urban areas. Digital Twins is a virtually-programmed computer model of a physical entity by taking real-world data as its input and predicting how the system will evolve in the future.
For preventing- Wearing face masks and following the social distancing has become the new normal today. In a densely-populated country like India, which has a high population density, it can become a significant challenge to monitor everyone following the safety guidelines. The country is getting “unlocked,” and industries have re-started again, though, with a minimal workforce. Various companies are now leveraging AI jointly with the CCTV camera recordings for monitoring any safety guidelines violations.
For diagnosing- The RT-PCR test is considered the best practice that is being followed for diagnosing COVID-19 in India, where there is a crunch of healthcare staff and long processing times. Many hospitals and other healthcare institutes have now started leveraging the chest X-ray and CT scans for screening positive patients. All these AI-based tools that are being developed will be of great aid to doctors for quick segregation of the patients and taking the due course of action accordingly. AI has already been successful in the past for the diagnosis of tuberculosis using the radiology images.
AI-Powered Chatbots and Telemedicine
The chatbots driven by AI have already taken the entire business world by surprise, and it is expected that it will follow a similar paradigm shift in the healthcare industry as well. The best use of these chatbots can be seen as the symptom determiner for both- physician and the patient. These chatbots can serve as the first line of interaction between a patient and a doctor. It can ask patients a set of questions having a predefined set of options and based on the options; the doctor/physician can take the due course of action. AI-powered chatbots have proven to be a better choice for organizing patient pathways, medications along with enhanced remedies for simple diseases.
In today’s time, another method the doctors that can leverage for treating their patients is telemedicine. Telemedicine was created as a method by doctors for treating their patients remotely located from the hospital locations or where there was a constraint of healthcare professionals. However, telemedicine is still in practice today for addressing these concerns. Despite addressing the healthcare concerns, telemedicine is also being leveraged as a tool for convenient medical care as the patients today don’t want to spare much time at the doctor’s place for minor issues. These can be addressed quickly over the phone and get the health issues resolved.
AA+ COVID-19 Testing Solution
ESDS is India’s leading Cloud Service Provider that has its Cloud-based offerings for various industry segments like- Government, Banking, Enterprise. Today, through our advanced technologies like AI, ML, IoT, we have managed to touch the lives of more than 500 million people in India. Addressing this need of the hour, ESDS developed a rapid COVID-19 indicative testing solution under the name- AA+ COVID-19 Testing Solution in a very short span. This testing solution is an AI-enabled that can determine the presence of COVID-19 in a suspected patient just from his chest X-ray within 5 minutes. This solution is highly scalable and implemented anywhere. The basic requirement to use this testing solution is a mobile device with an active Internet connection. This testing solution is cost-effective and also helps in minimizing the waiting time at the hospitals, thereby reducing the chances of any exposure. After gaining a model accuracy of over 96%, this testing solution is now being ‘trained’ for indicating other common diseases too. Through this solution, we aim to help our healthcare fraternity that can quickly segregate their patients and start the required medication at the earliest.
On a concluding note, the emergence of AI has been a critical influencer across various areas in the healthcare industry. In today’s complex healthcare domain, AI has played a significant supportive role by offering faster service and accurate diagnosis along with a detailed data analysis.
Authored by:- Mr. Piyush Somani, CMD, ESDS Software Solution
(The views expressed in this article are by – Mr. Piyush Somani, CMD, ESDS Software Solution. Technuter.com doesn’t own any responsibility for it.)